By Kamlesh Tripathi

A learned society values a person with a sound vocabulary.


  • Di-rigueur: Fashionable, up-to-date.
  • Quirky: peculiar or with unexpected traits, eccentric.
  • Avuncular: Kind of friendly towards a younger or a less experienced person.
  • Opprobrium: harsh criticism.
  • Grunt: of animal make a low, short guttural sound.
  • Liverish: slightly ill
  • tawny : of an orange-brown or yellowish-brown colour.
  • Tramp: walk heavily or noisily.
  • Honorofic: a title or word implying or expressing respect.
  • Shikoed: prostrating themselves upon the ground, the hands
  • Waddled: walk with short steps and a clumsy swaying motion.
  • Lithograph: The art or process of producing a picture
  • Sidelongness: a sidelong glance
  • Sallow: (of a person’s face or complexion) of an unhealthy yellow or pale brown colour.
  • Ochreous: a pale brownish yellow colour.
  • Priori: is a philosophical term that is used in several different ways. The term is suppose to mean knowledge that is gained through deduction, and not through empirical evidence. For instance, if I have two apples now, and I plan to add three apples, I will have five apples. This is knowledge gained deductively.
  • Ectoplasm: the more viscous, clear outer layer of the cytoplasm in amoeboid cells; a supernatural viscous substance that supposedly exudes from the body of a medium during a spiritualistic trance and forms the material for the manifestation of spirits.
  • Ensconced : establish or settle (someone) in a comfortable, safe place.
  • Equipoise: balance of forces or interests.
  • Discountenance: Refuse to approve of; disturb the composure of.
  • Wanton: Deliberate and unprovoked, sexually modest or promiscuous.
  • Solstice: either of the two times in the year, the summer solstice and the winter solstice, when the sun reaches its highest or lowest point in the sky at noon, marked by the longest and shortest days.
  • Spigot: a small peg or plug, especially for insertion into the vent of a cask; a tap.
  • Confucian: relating to Confucius or Confucianism.
  • Kowtow: act in an excessively subservient manner.
  • Pedagogy: the method and practice of teaching, especially as an academic subject or theoretical concept.”the relationship between applied linguistics and language pedagogy”
  • Plenipotentiary: a person, especially a diplomat, invested with the full power of independent action on behalf of their government, typically in a foreign country.
  • Boorish: Rough and bad mannered, coarse.
  • Quintessential: Representing the most perfect or typical example of a quality or class.
  • Jingoism: Extreme patriotism, especially in the form of aggressive or war like foreign policy.
  • Discomfiture: A feeling of unease or embarrassment; awkwardness.
  • Bete Noire: A person or a thing that someone dislikes very much.
  • Neologisms: 1. A new word or expression 2. The coining of use of new words
  • Intransigence: Uncompromising, stubborn.
  • Atavistic: 1. Resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents or animals 2. Reversion to an earlier type
  • Tall poppy syndrome: A social phenomenon where those with more merit or success are disparaged and pulled down.
  • Purported: Appear to be or do something, especially falsely.
  • Rime: Frost formed on cold objects by the rapid freezing water vapour in cloud or fog
  • Hegemonic: Ruling or dominant in a political or social context.
  • Impinge: To have an effect, especially a negative one.
  • Prosaic: Having or using the style or diction of prose as opposed to poetry; lacking imaginativeness or originality.
  • Fulsome: Complimentary or flattering to an excessive degree.
  • Raconteur: A person who tells anecdotes in a skillful and amusing manner.
  • Hurtle: Move or cause to move at high speed.
  • Callow: Inexperienced and immature.
  • Guffaw: Loud and hearty laugh.
  • Russet: Reddish brown in colour, rustic, lonely.
  • Delirium: Restlessness, illusions, incoherence.
  • Speckled: Covered or marked with a large number of small spots or patches of colour.
  • Ubiquitous: Present, appearing or found everywhere.
  • Balk: Hesitate or be unwilling to accept an idea or undertaking.
  • effrontery: Insolent or impertinent behaviour.
  • Inchoate: Just begun and not so fully formed or developed; rudimentary
  • Mallet: A hammer with a large, usually a wooden handle.
  • Accompaniment: A musical part which supports or partners an instrument.
  • Clammy: Unpleasantly damp and sweaty
  • Forswear: Agree to give up or do without.
  • Insouciance: Indifference; casual lack of concern
  • Mendicant: Given to begging; a beggar
  • Cannabis: A tall plant with a stiff upright stem, divided serrated leaves, and granular hair. It is used to produce hemp fire & as a psychotropic drug.
  • South Paw:Is the normal stance for a left handed boxer.
  • Ambled: to walk at a slow and relaxed speed.
  • Corpulent: Fat
  • Abound: exist in large numbers or amounts.
  • Deckle edge: is a type of rough cut edged paper used in the book trade.
  • Wading: walk with effort through water or another liquid or viscous substance.
  • Wrought: (of metals) beaten out or shaped by hammering; made or fashioned in the specified way.

  • Minutiae: Small, precise or trivial details of something.
  • Harangue: A lengthy and aggressive speech.
  • Redux: Brought back; revived
  • Temblor: Earthquake.
  • Adjutant: A military officer who acts as an administrative assistant to a senior officer.
  • Storks: a very tall long-legged wading bird with a long heavy bill and typically with white and black plumage
  • Nordic: 1. of or connected with Scandinavia, Finland and Iceland 2. Typical of a member of a European race of people who are tall and have blue eyes and blond hair
  • Depredation: Acts that cause damage to peoples property, lives etc.
  • Dipthong: A sound formed by the combination of two vowels in a single syllable, in which the sound begins as one vowel and moves towards another (as in coin, loud & side)
  • Rhapsodize: Speak or write about someone with great enthusiasm and delight.
  • Nix: To prevent something from happening to saying “no” to it.
  • Assiduous: Working very hard and taking great care that everything is done well as it can be.
  • Wan: (of person’s complexion or appearance) Pale and giving the impression of illness or exhaustion.
  • Noir: A genre of crime film or fiction characterised by cynicism, fatalism and moral ambiguity.
  • Lodestar: Something that serves as a guidance.
  • Seminal: Influential.
  • Frogmarch: Force (someone) to walk forward by holding and pinning their arms from behind.
  • Incendiary: Tending to stir up conflict; inflammable.
  • Pescatarian: A vegetarian who eats fish.
  • Hegemonic: Ruling or dominant in a political context.
  • Sleight of hand: Manual dexterity, typically in performing conjuring tricks.
  • Sleight: Use of dexterity or cunning, especially so as to deceive.
  • X-Factor: A note worthy special talent or a quality; a variable in a given situation that could give the most significant impact on the outcome.
  • Panache: Flamboyant confidence of style or manner
  • Evangelist: Gospeller, Preacher, Missionary.
  • Buccaneering: (Especially in a business context) high risk and adventurous.
  • Upending: Set or turn (something) on its end or upside down.
  • Heathen: (old fashioned, offensive) 1. used by people who have a strong religious belief as a way of referring to a person who has no religion or who believes in a religion that is not one of the world’s main religion. 2. used to refer to a person who shows lack of education.
  • The green eyed monster: Humorous the feeling of being jealous
  • Sharecropper: A tenant farmer who gives a part of each  crop as rent.
  • Caucasian: White skinned, of European origin.
  • Epithet: an adjective or phrase expressing a quality or attribute regarded as characteristics of the person or thing mentioned, Nickname, by-name.
  • Trenchant: Vigorous or incisive in expression or style, a weapon or a tool with a sharp edge.
  • Fissile: (of an atom or element) able to undergo nuclear fission, easily split
  • Anathema: Something or someone that one vehemently dislikes, or a formal curse by a pope.
  • Serendipity: The fact of something interesting & pleasant happening by chance.
  • Serif: A short line at the top or bottom of some styles of printed letters.
  • Canoodle: to kiss and cuddle amorously.
  • Pipe-dream: An unattainable or fanciful hope or scheme.
  • Virtuoso: A person highly skilled in music or another artistic pursuit.
  • Ignominy: Public shame or disgrace.
  • Befuddled: Cause to become unable to think clearly.
  • Bemused: Puzzled, confused or bewildered.
  • Desiccated: Removing moisture from, typically in order to preserve.
  • Edamame: A Japanese dish of salted green soyabeans boiled in their pods.
  • Wonk: A studious or a hard working person
  • Smitten: Hit hard, a blow
  • Ergo: Therefore
  • Voluble: Talking fluently, readily or incessantly
  • Clairvoyant: A person who claims to have a supernatural ability to perceive events in the future or beyond normal sensory contact
  • Beguiling: Charming in a deceptive way
  • Machination: A plot or a scheme
  • Transfix: Wonder, astonished
  • Came a cropper: To fail, to have a misfortune.
  • Thunder thighs: Fat woman’s thighs that clap while walking.
  • Hinterland: Remote areas of country away from shores.
  • Marauding: Stealing or attacking people
  • Pedagogy: The method and practice of teaching, especially as an academic subject or theoretical concept.
  • Wannabe: A person who tries to be like someone else or to fit in with a particular group of people.
  • Trammel: Deprive of freedom of action.
  • Ensconced: Establish or settle in a comfortable safe place.
  • Fly in the face: to challenge someone or something; to go against someone or something
  • Under the weather: slightly unwell, in low spirits
  • Scalene: Triangle unequal in length.
  • Baying: Shout loudly demanding something.
  • Fleeting: Lasting for a short time.
  • Etymology: Is the history of words, their origins, and how they form and how the meanings have changed over time.
  • Lumpen: Of or relating to dispossessed and uprooted individuals cut off from the economic & social class with which they might normally be identified.
  • Anachronistic: One that is out of its proper or chronological order.
  • Seminal: Strongly influencing later development
  • Gloating: Dwell on one’s own success
  • Roughshod: (of a horse) having shoes with nail heads projecting to prevent slipping. 2-use of brute force
  • Teetered: Sway back and forth.
  • Scorched: Burn the surface.
  • Yammering: Loud repetitive noise.
  • Whittle: To reduce in size.
  • Mesophere: Part of earth’s atmosphere which is between 50 to 80 km from the ground
  • Hydrology- The scientific study of earth’s water, especially its movement in relation to land.
  • Hussy- A girl or a woman who behaves in a way that is considered shocking or morally wrong.
  • Sycamore- a large Eurasian maple with winged fruits, native to central and southern Europe. It is planted as a fast-growing ornamental but tends to displace native trees.
  • Rheumy- (especially of the eyes) full of rheum; watery
  • Poltergeist: a ghost or other supernatural being supposedly responsible for physical disturbances such as making loud noises and throwing objects about.
  • Seminal: strongly influencing later developments.
  • Pantomime: a theatrical entertainment, mainly for children, which involves music, topical jokes, and slapstick comedy and is based on a fairy tale or nursery story, usually produced around Christmas.
  • Conflating: combine (two or more sets of information, texts, ideas, etc.) into one.
  • Foreseeable: able to be foreseen or predicted.
  • Queer the pitch: To spoil someone’s chance to do something.
  • Epiphanies: A Christmas festival,held on 6 January, in memory of the time when the MAGI came to see Jesus at Bethlehem.
  • Chiropractic: The medical profession which involves treating some diseases and physical problems by pressing and moving the bones in a person’s spine or joints.
  • Narcissistic: From the Greek myth in which Narcissus, a beautiful young man, fell in love with his own reflection in the pool. He died and was changed into the flower which bears his name.
  • Fledgling: a person or an organization or a system that is new and without experience.
  • Forfend: to prevent sth or keep sth away.
  • Thraldom: The state of being in power of another person.
  • Rapporteur: A person officially chosen by an organisation to investigate a problem and report on it.
  • Cadence: Rhythmic flow


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